September 2017 (World Journal of Social Sciences)

September 2017 (World Journal of Social Sciences)

Total Articles - 7

Pages 1 – 8

Author: Rashid Ahmed Chowdhury, Mohammad Nayeem Abdullah and Rahat Bari Tooheen

The study examines the characteristics of the current policies for setting up business enterprises based on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Bangladesh. Data was collected through a non-random convenience survey among companies engaged in the export import business. The data was analyzed in Microsoft Excel and then rechecked through SPSS. The results identified a number of positive factors of the current FDI policies such as time efficiency and cost reduction, while bureaucratic issues and a lack of upgrading capability were identified as the main hindrances of the policies.

Pages 9 – 23

Author: Runita Marwah

This paper primarily focuses on examining the level of awareness about sustainable computing amongst the participants and to further explore, if there are any visible measures taken or the policies implemented for the same in selected academic organisations in Oman. In addition, the knowledge about sustainable computing is monitored, assessed and supported through a single group pre-test and post-test research design to establish the relevance of the intervention study though inferential statistical analysis. The research examines the alarming rate of ignorance towards sustainable computing amongst the participants. Consequently, creating an evident necessity for increased level of awareness and knowledge through constant training and support. Therefore, an intervention experiment was conducted through a pre-test and post-test research design, where the same set of participants were exposed to a self-instructional module with the intention of observing increased level of knowledge.

Pages 24 – 37

Author: Arifuddin, Fariani Azis and Andi Kusumawati

The relationship between budgetary participation and clarity of budget objectives with performance still has not provided a uniform conclusion. This study aims to examine the effect of participation and clarity of budget targets on the performance of the apparatus and examine the effect of commitment and organizational culture in the interaction relationship between participation and clarity of budget targets on the performance of the apparatus. This research was conducted on the scope of Makassar City Government. Data collection method is questionnaire. The sample was chosen by purposive sampling as many as 84 respondents spread in 13 agencies and 18 departments. Data were analyzed by moderation regression analysis. The results showed that the participation and clarity of budget targets significantly affected the performance of apparatus, commitment and organizational culture to moderate the influence of budgetary participation on apparatus performance, commitment and organizational culture to moderate the effect of budget target clarity on apparatus performance.

Pages 38 – 51

Author: Surajit Sarbabidya and Md. Abdur Rashid

The trend of pursuing higher education is particularly upward in Bangladesh from the last two decades. Before the establishment of the private universities, the public universities have been the only resort for higher education. Later on, the private universities have become new incorporation in this scenario. Now, both public and private universities are playing significant role in developing human resource (HR) for the nation. But ensuring quality education has so far remained as a great challenge for these academic entities due to some gaps in the respective services and support. However, the existing literatures are not sufficient to demonstrate the actual level of academic service quality in the private universities in Bangladesh. So this indicates to the research problem and this is the reason which motivated to endeavor the current study through a modified questionnaire of the prominent SERVQUAL model based primary survey during the month of October 2016. Finding the gap in the service quality, the study recommends the administration of the private universities to ensure career oriented finest quality education related services through active and sincere support by the faculty members, officials and other staffs.

Pages 52 – 64

Author: Ingrid Fray

Overall, immigrant entrepreneurs have outpaced native-born entrepreneurs five to one in terms of starting and sustaining business ventures. Between the years 2002 to 2008, the three most successful immigrant groups, Latin American, Chinese, and Jamaican, have contributed approximately $348 billion dollars to the U.S. economy. Jamaican Immigrant Business have been extremely successful in launching and sustaining entrepreneurial ventures in New York City. New York City particularly had the largest number of black-owned Jamaican firms at 204,032 with receipts of $12.8 billion. The reason for their success, “the partner”. For the purposes of this study, “the partner” is defined as an organized informal rotating credit union created by groups of Jamaicans in their home country who pool their savings together and lend to individuals within the group who then utilize the money to start up businesses. This paper examines the role of “the partner”, as an innovative means of networking within the Jamaican community in New York City to achieve entrepreneurial success. One on one interviews were conducted with three Jamaican restaurant owners and as a result of those interviews the research suggests that financial capital for Jamaican immigrant business ventures comes from small communities of individuals who establish a collective savings account or borrowing system in their home country and continue this tradition in the United States. “The Partner” by Jamaican immigrant business owners has successfully helped launch and maintain entrepreneurial ventures.

Pages 65 – 77

Author: Robert G. M. Nyemah, Stephen A. Dehlor and Gabriel S. Akakpo

Africa is a continent endowed with abundant fish resources in marine, inland or freshwaters. In spite of these benefits, the sector is at risk due to a decline in fish stocks in both marine and inland waters, leading the continent to be losing the potential to harvest between US$2 to US$5 billion of economic returns annually. In light of the declining state of the African fisheries sector, this study was conducted to assess Ghana’s fishing industry in view of the declining African fish stocks. To achieve the objectives of the study, a system approach was used as a guide for data collection. This included the use of structured questionnaires and interviews targeting fishermen and fishmongers of five selected fishing communities in the Greater Accra Region viz Jamestown, Nungua, Teshie, Tema Newtown and Prampram, as well as the Fisheries Commission and the Ghana Revenue Authority. At the institutional level, officials of the Fisheries Commission and Ghana Revenue Authority were sampled in order to triangulate the study. The research revealed that Ghana’s fishing industry is in a declining state with various challenges contributing to the poor performance of the sector. The research also points out that there is lack of policy enforcement by concerned authorities. Finally, the research shows that the industry is a major source of livelihood and revenue generation, but these potentials and opportunities can only be realised with a high degree of fishermen sensitisation, policy enforcement and financial support to address the challenges faced by the sector.

Pages 78 – 87

Author: Jannatul Ferdous Shetu and Chowdhury Saima Ferdous

The ‘glass ceiling’ metaphor is used to describe invisible barriers (glass) through which women see elite positions but cannot reach them (ceiling). The scenario poses as if there is not sufficient room for women at the top positions like a board member, authoritarian bodies, and top executive committees. Under such circumstances, whether the glass ceiling exists in Bangladesh, the obstacles the professional women face because of their gender, the kind of support they need, and the factors that assist them to overcome those: these were the research areas of this study. This study gained insight by interviewing high position holder female professionals from versatile and challenging sectors. The barriers found were many: stereotypical undervaluation of women, child-care challenges, social underestimation and disobedience due to professional jealousy, scarcity of family support and additional work efforts due to gender. Factors like support from family and husband, urge for a separate identity, self-determination, educational excellence was found to assist women to shatter the ceiling. The study provides interesting findings that can be rendered useful and essential.

Total Articles- 7

All citation information on this page will be exported. help