July 2016 Special Issue (World Journal of Social Sciences)

July 2016 Special Issue (World Journal of Social Sciences)

Total Articles - 8

Pages 1 – 12

Author: Sakib B. Amin, Shaika L. Islam, Tanvina Z. Kamal and Nuzhat N. Mithila

Bangladesh has a mere amount of nonrenewable resources of its own. To meet the growing energy need of the country, major portion of the fossil fuel consumed has to be imported from abroad. Among the indigenous fuel resources, the country has become increasingly dependent on Natural Gas. The structure of the energy consumption over the years has got to be ‘Mono- Fuel’ dependent. With the looming exhaustibility of the nonrenewable energy sources and the rapidly growing energy demand, the policy-makers of the country in various policies and institutional arrangements have shifted their focus to renewable energy sources. It is expected that the renewable energy options like solar-power, wind-power, hydro-power and bio-mass will be essentially useful to increase the accessibility to energy and power for all the socio-economic sections of the country. The aim of this paper is to review the renewable energy resources being practiced in Bangladesh in terms of its implementation, research and development activities.

Pages 13 – 28

Author: Tahrima Faruq, Tanjila Mahboob, Mohiuddin Rasti Morshed and Syed Ehsan Quadir

The purpose of this paper is to share United Finance Limited’s1 experience of overcoming pitfalls that impact the effectiveness of Credit Risk Grading Model2. It was observed from a sample of 1609 clients of year 2011 and 2012 that the model is not estimating credit risk precisely. Further review of the model reveals that the construction of attributes of the model gives scopes to include biased information emphasizing the significance of formatting attributes properly. Besides, the logic of adopting multi-model approach in designing the model is under scrutiny which deters presenting universal model. These learning imply that to make the model effective in decision making, continuous development is needed.

Pages 29 – 38

Author: Mohammad Nayeem Abdullah, Kamruddin Parvez, Rahat Bari Tooheen and Sabrina Ahsan

The study explores share price volatility as an indicator of economic stability in a developing country setting. This study examines the share price volatility of eight selected pharmaceutical and chemical companies listed on the Chittagong Stock Exchange (CSE). The study period was from 2006 to 2013. Data was compiled from a mix of primary and secondary sources. A combination of statistical techniques including Regression Analysis is used to explore the relationship between the selected variables. Average Share Price is the dependent variable, while Dividend Yield, Earnings Per Share, Price Earnings Ratio and Returns On Equity are the independent variables. The results demonstrate that share price volatility is significantly influenced by the Price Earnings Ratio along with Earnings Per Share.

Pages 39 – 50

Author: Rabaya Bosri

The main aim of the study is to evaluate the SME financing scenario and challenges in Bangladesh. At first, researcher want to see the importance of SME in Bangladesh , which sectors get SME financing, which institutions provides the SME financing then analysis the present scenario of SME financing . And, finally this provides key challenges. This study uses Bangladesh Bank data for FY 2011-15,Ministry of Finance, GOB, 2003-2012,Export Promotion Bureau (EPB) and BAPA 2006-2011.The findings of the study suggests that the success rate of SME financing is very high as well as it contributes to the GDP significantly in Bangladesh but disbursement of SME loan is low than industrials loan.

Pages 51 – 61

Author: Tahsin Farzana Jisun

The study focuses on the present scenario of early marriage in Bangladesh and also examines the factors that are associated with early marriage. The study used secondary data from Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) 2011. This data includes face to face interview of 17,872 ever married women aged 12-49 throughout Bangladesh. Cross tabulation and Chi-Square tests were used in this study to examine the determinants of age at first marriage. Logistic regression analysis was applied to find out the most significant factors of early marriage. It was found that respondent’s education, husband’s education, place of residence, religion and respondent’s work status have the significant effect on early marriage in Bangladesh.

Pages 62 – 70

Author: Zerin Tasnim

Many of the waking life of modern human beings nowadays are spent in some kind of work setting. So how happy we feel at work has a direct influence on the overall quality of life. Therefore, understanding what makes us happy or unhappy at work is very crucial. But, surprisingly; there is an absence of sound theoretical and conceptual framework for understanding such an important subject from the organizational perspective. For developing a conceptual framework for happiness at work, two components are relevant -the external work environment and the internal mental mapping .So to understand and formulate a theoretical framework for happiness at work, the phenomenon needs to be looked at from various dimensions. Such as, cognitive neuroscience, EP (Evolutionary Psychology) and an overall environmental influence in terms of work setting. Thus, in an attempt to foster happiness at a workplace, this paper reviews the causes of happiness and their consequences or effects at work from the perspective of psychological literature as well as external factors.

Pages 71 – 81

Author: Noor-E-Hasnin and Moinul Ahsan

The Ready Made Garments (RMG) industry of Bangladesh evolved over the notion of producing quality products in mass scale by maintaining low costs, providing a competitive edge over the competitors in the global RMG sector. However in recent times this industry went through a paradigm shift and the global customers & regulators are increasingly shifting their focus towards a sustainable business growth, maintaining quality outputs and ensuring a positive impact on the society. A number of studies have been undertaken in the past exploring the challenges faced by the RMG sector in Bangladesh, but there were only few comprehensive studies that used contemporary concepts like Operational Risk to identify and pin-point the root cause of potential failure points. The objective of this paper is to understand the root causes for potential Operational Risks that can arise from the internal factors, particularly from people & process, and how an effective Human Resource Management via investing in employee training can eventually reduce operational risks and contribute to profitability of the organization. 50 (fifty) floor level workers from 5 (five) different RMG firms, established in and around Dhaka city were interviewed faced to face during the months of September to December 2015 on the basis of a standard set of questions, and based on the responses, a positive relationship has been established between employee training and alleviation of operational risk, in this industry.

Pages 82 – 91

Author: Mohammad Toufiqur Rahman

The main purpose of this study is to identify the nature and behavior of online shoppers in Chittagong City, Bangladesh. The data have been collected through a structured questionnaire from 83 respondents randomly from the different areas of Chittagong City, Bangladesh from the month of September to November, 2014. The study reveals that website advertising (45.78%), T.V. Advertisement (20.48%), friends and family members (15.66%) are the important media through which they became familiar about online shopping. The availability of varieties (31.33%), less time (30.12%) and low price (20.48%) are the important reasons for preferring online shopping. Yet the online shopping has tremendously changed the shopping behavior of people and due to modernization and fast paced life, dependence on eshopping will increase.

Total Articles- 8

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