This research compares human resource management
(HRM) in the pharmaceutical and electrical industries in
Japan and finds differences between the two industries. In
the pharmaceutical industry, both Japanese-owned and
foreign-owned firms are moving toward a western type of
HRM. In the electrical industry, foreign-owned firms apply a
western type of HRM, but Japanese-owned firms continue to
use a Japanese type of HRM. The research then analyzed
these differences based on institutional entrepreneurship. In
the pharmaceutical industry, western-owned large
pharmaceutical firms, as the main actors in the global market,
act as institutional entrepreneurs. In the electrical industry,
whereas western-owned firms introduced a western type of
HRM, Japanese-owned firms maintain a Japanese type of
HRM; both western- and Japanese-owned firms are the main
actors in this global market. These different HRM approaches
reflect the competitive power balance in the global market of
the two industries.
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